Anxiety is referred to as a manifestation of different disorders which can cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. While people normally worry or fear when there is an approaching exam or interview, but when these manifestations result into sleeplessness or causing a malfunction in the body or a reaction that is out of proportion, these manifestations have formed into anxiety. Anxiety can be classified into mild anxiety, which is vague and unsettling, and severe anxiety creates a serious impact on our daily life.
There are specific classes of mental disorders of anxiety which are characterized by certain symptoms: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and Separation Anxiety Disorder.
GAD – Excessive Anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a prolonged anxiety and worry about everything on life events, objects, circumstances. GAD sufferers are always worrying on issues, such as health, money, family, work, etc, they fear failure and disaster, and these fears are unrealistic since they have trouble identifying what they fear and have trouble controlling their worries.
Panic disorder is an anxiety that is distinguished by short and sudden attack of terror which shows symptoms of shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty in breathing.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a fear of being judged by people or embarrassed by the public, such that it can manifest in the following: stage fright, fear of intimacy, and a fear of humiliation.
OCD – A Repetitive and Distressing Disorder
An OCD is an anxiety disorder that manifests actions or thoughts that are repetitive, distressing, and meddling. OCD sufferers may obsessively clean personal items or hands or constantly check locks, stoves, or light switches.
When this high anxiety disorder is characterized by being separated from a person or a place which provides security or safety, this form of disorder is referred to as Separation Anxiety Disorder.
Common causes of these anxiety disorders are environmental factors, medical factors, genetics, brain chemistry, substance abuse, or a combination of these. The main culprit, which has triggered these disorders are the various stresses that we have experienced in our lives.
Environmental factors, such as the following: trauma from events, abuse, victimization, death of a loved one, stress in a personal relationship, marriage, friendship, divorce, stress at work, stress from school, stress from finances and money, lack of oxygen in high altitude areas, may result into anxiety.
Anemia, asthma, infections and heart conditions, these are medical factors where the element of anxiety can come in. Medically-related causes of anxiety may include stress from a serious mental illness, side effects of medication, and lack of oxygen from emphysema or pulmonary embolism.
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