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Facts You Need to Know About ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. Although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown, heredity or genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD. The other contributory factors that potentially have a role in ADHD are prematurity (birth before 37th week of pregnancy), low birth weight, and alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy. Although ADHD is more common in people with learning difficulties, it can occur to any patient with any level of intellectual ability. Sometimes, the signs and symptoms of ADHD are less obvious and not all categories might be present, like some patients may have problems with hyperactivity but not with impulsiveness or inattentiveness. ADHD is not curable but it can be effectively managed with appropriate support and advice for affected children and their parents, educational support and medication as needed. It is important to bear in mind that people with ADHD cannot help their behavior, and several issues may arise in daily living such as getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, social interactions, being organized, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD among children and teenagers are well defined, and they are very noticeable before six years old, occurring in more than one situation like at home and school. The behavioral signs of inattentiveness of patient’s with ADHD include difficulty completing and organizing task, unable to listen to and carry out instructions, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, and being easily distracted. For impulsiveness and hyperactivity, the behavioral signs may include unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, and interrupting conversations. All of these signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life, such as poor social interaction, problems with discipline, safety concerns, and underachievement at school.
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Patients with ADHD may also have related conditions such as learning difficulties, Tourette’s syndrome, anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, or epilepsy. Doctors often prescribe methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, or guanfacine to patients with ADHD. These medications are very helpful for patients with ADHD for them to concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and learn and develop new skills.On Resources: My Thoughts Explained